林聖軒博士學術專題演講107/04/09

  • 2018-03-19
  • 楊 文敏

國立政治大學統計學系
     
主講人:林聖軒博士(交通大學統計研究所助理教授)
   目:Causal Inference and Mechanism Investigation under Time-Varying System
      間:民國10749 (星期一) 下午130  
      點:國立政治大學逸仙樓050101教室
      要:
             Causal inference has become a popular approach for investigating causality and mechanism in complex data format. In the first part, I will provide a general picture of the causal inference framework: defining a scientific question as a causal parameter based on counterfactual model, identifying this causal parameter as a statistical parameter, and then estimating (or testing) this statistical parameter by statistics inference. The mechanism investigation for the effect of religious behavior on survival rate will be used as the motivating example. In the second part, I will show how to define and identify the longitudinal total and mediation effects (two effects of interest in mechanism investigation) as analytic formula, and obtains parametric estimates by Monte-Carlo Simulation and bootstrapping method. In the Framingham Heart Study data, we apply this method to estimate the mediation effect of smoking behaviors sustained over a 10-year period on blood pressure when considering weight change as a time-varying mediator. Compared with non-smoking, smoking 20 cigarettes per day for 10 years was estimated to increase blood pressure by 1.18 (95 % CI: -0.68, 2.69) mm-Hg. The mediation effect was -0.34 (95 % CI: -0.52, -0.13) mm-Hg, which is negative because smoking leads to lower weight which leads to lower blood pressure. These results provide evidence that weight change in fact partially conceals the detrimental effects of cigarette smoking on blood pressure. Our work represents the first application of the parametric mediational g-formula in an epidemiologic cohort study.